Title: The Prophet’s Ramadhaan: How the Prophet observed the Month of Ramadhaan (Peace be upon him)
Author: Mufti Muhammad Khan Qaadri
Translator: Muhammad Sajid
Publisher: True Islam Publications (2007 & 2011)
The back cover offers a short introduction to the author:
Mufti Muhammad Khan is based in Lahore, Pakistan and is one of the leading teachers of Dars e Nizami (traditional Islamic scholastic course). He is also heavily involved in both writing and translating. He currently has over 100 titles published on a range of subjects such as Hadith, Fiqh, Usul ul Fiqh, women’s rights and social issues.
The purpose and contents of the books are also described on the back cover:
This book is an essential companion for every Muslim. It aims to eloquently describe how the Prophet (peace be upon him) observed the month of Ramadhaan and allows the reader to become aware of his blessed practices and try to implement them into their daily lives during the blessed month.
This second edition also includes a brief appendix on the basic rules of fasting.
The fiqh contained in this brief appendix is based on the Hanafi school of law. The translator comments in his introduction:
The best way to spend the days and nights of Ramadhaan is the way the Prophet (peace be upon him) chose, because he was well aware of Allah’s (The Majestic) desire and pleasure and importance of Ramadhaan. Consequently this book we have gathered matter that shows how the Prophet (peace be upon him) observed the month of Ramadhaan, in other words what were his actions so that we too can follow him in observing the month of Ramadhaan and attain Allah’s (The Majestic) infinite reward and favours.
The book contains 12 chapters with the following titles: The Prophet & Ramadhaan, At the Beginning of Ramadhaan, At Sehri, During the Day Whilst Fasting, At Sunset and Iftar, The Taraaweeh Prayer, The Fast of Wisal, The Last Ten Days of Ramdhaan, Itikaaf, The Night of Qadr, The End of Ramadhaan & The Last Night, The Night & Day of Eid.
In the first chapter, The Prophet & Ramadhaan, the author writes:
It is important to remember that the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) relationship with Ramadhaan did not begin with the obligation to fast. He had a connection with it before this. It was during this month that he would achieve seclusion in Mount Hira and connect with his Lord, using it as a source of tranquility and focus. Furthermore it was during Ramadhaan, whilst he was in the cave of Hira, that Jibraeel brought Allah’s eternal message:
Read! In the name of thy Lord who created. (Surah Alaq)
Ibn Isaac narrates from Syeduba Ubaid bin Umair:
‘Each year the Prophet (peace be upon him) would go to Mount Hira for a month in search of solitude and it was the same month in which he announced his Prophethood. That was the month of Ramadhaan.’ (As Seera T’un Nabawiyya v1 p235)
The author also writes:
Look at what our pious predecessors did after they became aware of both this practice of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and the status of Ramadhaan. Syeduba Yakaa bin Fadhal writes:
‘They (the companions and ta’bieen) would spend six months supplicating to attain Ramadhaan and spend the other six months pleading for its acceptance.’ (Lataaif ul Mu’aarif)
In the chapter, During the Day Whilst Fasting, the author narrates a hadith:
Abdullah bin Masood narrates that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
‘Allah proclaims ‘Whosoever’s bodily parts do not refrain from forbidden matters has no need to refrain from food and drink for Me.’ (Athaad ahl ul Islam)
In Chapter 8, the author narrates many reports of the Prophet (peace be upon him) making ghusl (bathing) between Maghrib and Isha during the last nights of Ramadhaan:
Imam Ibn Abu Aasim narrates from Umm ul Momineen Syeda Aishah:
When the last 10 days of Ramadhaan would begin he would endeavour even more in worship and would ghusl between Maghrib and Isha. (Lataaif ul Muaarif)
The book also offers details of his Itikaaf (seclusion in the mosque), his tent, his bedding, and its location. It also address the Night of Power, its related narrations and the practice and sayings of the companions. Lastly covering the actions of the night which precedes Eid and Eid ul Fitr itself. It is enjoyable to learn and envision the actions of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) during this month. Aside from a few unconventionally translated sentences, and an uncommon transliteration scheme, the book offers a comprehensive understanding of the Prophet’s routine during the month of Ramadhaan (peace be upon him). The author also draws narrations from unique resources which the reader may not have come across in earlier readings or lessons regarding Ramadhaan.
May Allah allow us to benefit from this knowledge, and grant us the wherewithal to implement his noble practices (peace be upon him). May Allah accept the efforts of the author and translator, Ameen.